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Castellina in Chianti - Map

Castellina in Chianti
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Autore: Kaja Licenza: CC BY 2.0

It is home to the most important Etruscan finds in the area: 4 underground tombs of the VII-VI century BC in Montecalvario. Other finds were found in Rencine and Vignale. Castellina, from the 11th century it becomes a dependency of the nobles of Elio del Trebbio and the consortium of the Counts Guidi who in 1193 submitted to Florence. Castellina is on the shortest route between Florence and Siena, it was a passage of commerce and people. For a while it was the capital of the Lega di Chianti, then passed the scepter to Gaiole, but maintained that of the capital of the third party. At the end of the 14th century it was burnt because it was involved in the war between Florence and the Duke of Milan, ally of Siena. Florence increased its fortifications: a polygon-shaped walls, elongated and reinforced by corner towers and with only two doors. The keep was placed at the highest point and today is the seat of the municipality. The houses leaning on the left side have created a very suggestive underground way.

Place to visit

* Fortress
a massive building that stands on the main square with a fourteenth-century crenellated tower from the top of which you can admire a remarkable Chianti landscape. The fortress, from April 21st 2006, is home to the Archaeological Museum of the Sienese Chianti area. The museum, realized using innovative technologies, presents the history of the ancient landscapes of the whole Chianti territory, as well as Castellina townships of Castelnuovo Berardenga, Gaiole in Chianti and Radda in Chianti.

* Tumulus of Montecalvario
Not far from the main road 222 is this very famous Etruscan monument: a Tomb in Tumulus of considerable dimensions with a diameter of 50 meters, consisting of four underground tombs dating back to the VII-VI century BC. arranged following the cardinal points.

* Poggino Necropolis
It is located near Fonterutoli and is composed of four chamber tombs dating back to the Oriental-Archaic period (VII-VI century BC). Worth noting for this monument is an interesting system of caption present on the spot.

* Palazzo Ugolini-Squarcialupi
* Palazzo Bianciardi
* Via delle Volte

The churches

* Church of San Salvatore in Castellina
It has medieval origins but presents modern modifications in neo-Romanesque style.

* Church of San Giorgio alla Piazza
It is of Romanesque origin dating back to 1084, in the gabled façade there are traces of the original filaretto

* Pieve di San Leonino in Conio
Yield to the original aspect from the restoration of the nineteenth century that also involved the decorations of the interior vaults.

* Pieve di Santa Cristina in Ligliano
Pope Clement III, in the bull of April 20, 1189 to the Archbishop of Siena Bono, declared this parish as a Sienese diocese. In 1576 the church's lands became property of the Arcispedale of Santa Maria Nuova of Florence, which held them until 1779. Then the property passed to the Pozzesi and, in 1923, to the Berlingieri.

* Pieve di Sant'Agnese
There are memories of the church since 1046, when it belongs to the diocese of Siena. The current building, with three naves divided by square pillars and completed by as many apses, was largely rebuilt as a result of the damage suffered during the last war.

* Canonica di San Michele a Rèncine
This church was located within the walls of the castle of Rèncine, of which there remain few walls and the base of a tower. There is news of it since 1054, by an act of the owner, stipulated for the sale of funds in the territory of Rèncine.

All Chianti and Florentine Valdarno museums: Site

Castellina in Chianti
Credits Link pic
Autore: Ania Mendrek Licenza: CC BY-ND 2.0

Castellina in Chianti
Credits Link pic
Autore: Sergio Del Piccolo Licenza: CC BY-SA 2.0

Castellina in Chianti
Credits Link pic
Autore: Ryan Snyder Licenza: CC BY 2.0

 
 

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