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26 - ABBEY, PUBLIC SQUARE AND BRIDGE OF SANTA TRINITA

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Florence - Santa Trinita

Firenze - Basilica di Santa TrinitaThoughts

The bridge, the square and the church of Santa Trinita together Via Tornabuoni, until a few years ago was the heart and good of living in Florence. It is now almost one and only a beautiful street but it’s dead because the superficiality of Florentines politic management. In this corner of 'Paradise' there is a complexity of monuments and palaces that once you could breath all the Florentine spirit. Its history, its culture could be lived by every citizen or visitor. Now just a few VIP shop get your attention, all the rest is a total decay. All people go to see Santa Trinita bridge, but almost no one enters the basilica. Someone gets up at the top to see the statue of equity but does not know who made it. Florence until a few years ago was the city of flowers, each balcony something in bloom, flower beds and gardens treated perfectly. On the other hand here, born the Italian garden style. Walking in a beautiful place give us a pleasure that it’s not quantifiable.

 

Firenze - Basilica di Santa TrinitaHistory of the Bridge

As I said before, Saint Trinita public square, the basilica and the bridge, they are the heart of Florence, beauty and history are melted in a harmony that gives to the heart and spirit to the various meaning. Florence is one of the little cities where to every step you questions: 'but as much beauty is possible'? The first namesake bridge was constructed in 1252 with a bequest of the Family Frescobaldi but it had short life. During a show on the river, the weight of the crowd noticed persons in order to see it, made it collapse. Florence needed of bridge and it was reconstructed in stones but one of recurrent alluviums of the rive, carried away it again in 1333. In the 1557 Florence missed its bridge again. Another alluvium came and all the stones fallen again into Arno. They decide then to change the constructive criterion but at first was more important to find architects able to project a solid and beauty bridge. From Porta Romana, the street arrives directly to the downtown centre and the new bridge should be representative too. In order to be Corda del ponte di Santa Trinitaunderstood, 'the able persons' were two: Bartolomeo Ammannati and Michelangelo Buonarroti. The first one made the plan materially, the second probably gave a lot of suggestions for the evolution. The rope lines already used in the construction of the Chapel of Princes. The bridge leans on of the sharp pillars that avoid wise the logs brought by the alluviums. This is normally the main reason for a bridge landslide. The elegance of the ropes gives to the bridge one light and unusual line for a stone bridge. During World War II, to Step front from the city all the bridges least one (the old bridge). The German troops mined it and destroy it. To do this collapse undermining it, they had to try three times exhausting all stocks explosive in this city. Here, since the calculation of the arches of the rope was not yet understood, it was rebuilt in reinforced concrete, then covered again according to the original appearance. Who does not know the story certainly do not see the differences.

Public square Saint Trinita

The column of justice. As soon as you reach the square, immediately jumps in the eyes high above column with a statue. This come from the baths of Caracalla, donated to Florence by Pope Pius IV (Medici)

Public square Saint Trinita - The basilica

The basilica of Santa Trinita (at Florence writes and reads without final accent), is one of the oldest and most important Florence although not as majestic as many subsequent others. The construction outside the walls, goes back to 'XI century by the monks Vallombrosani. It was outside for a little time, between 1172-75 it was included within the city. The basilica is in the Romanesque style, sober and austere as the founder Order. The original floor was a mosaic and showed drawings of animals and mythical fantastic. It was rebuilt around the middle of 1200 and was the first Gothic church in the city. It’s divided into three aisles, separated by thin columns quadrilateral. The bell tower is not external farmsteads supports a bearing wall and access must first climb on the roof and then climb steep stairs.

Public square Saint Trinita - the basilica

The basilica of Trinita Saint (, to Florence writes and law without final accent), is one of most ancient and important than Florence even if not majestic like many successive others. The construction laughed them to XI the century from part of the Monaci Vallombrosani outside from the town-walls building of the age. Us it remained little and in 1172-75 it came included also she to the inside of the city. The basilica is in Romanesque, sobrio and austere style like the founding order. The pavement originates them was to mosaic and brought back designs of mythical and fantastic animals. It came reconstructed around to half dell 1200 and was the first gotica church of the city. E' uniform in three navate, separating from quadrangular thin columns. The bell tower is not external masi supports to a carrying wall and in order to approach to you it before must go up on the roof and then to go up steep scales. Two important chapels inside, the Strozzi’s and Sassetti’s which have to be seen. You can admire Ghirlandaio frescoes of Fabriano, Passignano, Spinello Aretino, Baldovinetti, Bicci di Lorenzo and even John da Ponte and Maso from San Friano. In addition, there are works of Sangallo and Lamberti (the tombs carved), a polychrome ceramics of Della Robbia. Some important works as the majesty of Cimabue were moved (Uffizi or other at the San Marco).

Palazzo Spini Feroni

Palazzo Buondelmonti

Palazzo Salimbeni

There are a number of valuable buildings around the Public square pf St. Trinita. The first jumping in the eyes passing the bridge door, is the Roman palace Spini-Feroni started to built in 1289.
Impotent, crenellated,  made in strong stone.  Really beautiful

The Salimbeni Palace, built in 1520 which was the first mannerism-style palace in Florence. The first was criticized harshly then the result of inspiration for many artists of the time

The Palace Buondelmonti, one of the most powerful Florentine families. To tell the truth in'500 their power was reduced compared to a few centuries ago when they dominated the Impruneta (homonymous square, village and castle) and they got ferocious wars agaist Siena. The facade of the Palace purchased by 'Change' dates back to'500.

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